Blog post

Are surveys regulated?

18 VAC 10-20-380. Minumum standards and procedures for surveys determining the location of physical improvements; field procedured; office procedures.

  • A. The following minimum standards and procedures are to be used for surveys determining the location of physical imporvements on any parcel of land or lot containing less than two (2) acres or metric equivalent (sometimes known as "building location surveys," "house location surveys," "physical suveys," and thelike) in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The application of the professional's seal, signature, and date as required by these regulations shall be evidence that the survey determining the location of physical improvements is correct to the best of the professional's knowledge, information, and belief, and complies with the minumum standards and procedures set forth in this chapter.

  • B. The professional shall determine the position of the lot or parcel of land in accordance with the intent of the original survey and shall set or verify permanent monumentation at each corner of the property, consistent with the monumentation provisions of subdivision C 4 of 18 VAC 10-20-370. All such monumentation, other thatn natural monumentation, shall, when feasible, be identified by temporary witness markers. When the professional finds discrepancies of sufficent magnitude to warrant, in his opinion, the performance of a land boundary survey (pursuant to the provisions of 18 VAC 10-20-370), he shall so inform the client or the client's agent that such land boundary survey is deemed warrented a a requisite to completion of the physical improvements survey. The location of the following shall be determined in the field:

    • 1. Fences in near proximity to the land boundary lines and other fences which may reflet lines of occupancy or possession.

    • 2. Other physical improvememnts on the property and all man-made or installed structures, including, buildings, stoops, porches, chimneys, visable evidene of underground features (such as manholes, catch basins, telephone pedestals, power transformers, etc), utility lines and poles.

    • 3. Cemeteries, if known or disclosed in the process of performing the survey; roads or travelways crossing the property which serve other properties; and streams, creeks, and other definied drainage ways.

    • 4. Other visible evidence of physical encroachment on the property.